Click here to download pdf of the full article (11 pgs, 1.9 mb)


Journal of the
Music & Entertainment Industry Educators Association
Volume 11, Number 1 (2011)

A Model for Teaching Master-Level Audio Production: “COLA”

Timmy Tappan
Belmont University

    Audio production in the recording studio has evolved considerably since 1878 when Edison patented the phonograph, the first commercially successful invention to record and reproduce sound. According to Millard (2005) Edison’s focus was actually on creating a sound recording device that could be used in business as an early dictation machine and primarily, “…in terms of a device to save incoming phone calls...the first attempt to make a telephone answering machine” (p. 27).

    The level of sophistication of audio production in the early days can best be described as rudimentary due to the limitations of the fledgling technology. Production was also constrained because sound recording was a new process that was just being developed and no one had written the “how-to” book yet. However, in time, the role of the record producer changed to more effectively controlling the process of recording as a prelude to controlling the product itself. As technology advanced, the science and art of audio production also advanced.

Click here to download pdf of the full article (11 pgs, 1.9 mb)