Journal of the Music & Entertainment Industry Educators Association

Volume 9, Number 1 (2009)

Bruce Ronkin, Editor Northeastern University

Published with Support from

The MEIEA Journal is published annually by the Music & Entertainment Industry Educators Association (MEIEA) in order to increase public awareness of the music industry and to foster music business education.

The MEIEA Journal provides a scholarly analysis of technological, legal, historical, educational, and business trends within the music industry and is designed as a resource for anyone currently involved or interested in the music industry. Topics include issues that affect music industry education and the music industry such as curriculum design, pedagogy, technological innovation, intellectual property matters, industry-related legislation, arts administration, industry analysis, and historical perspectives. The MEIEA Journal is distributed to members of MEIEA, universities, libraries, and individuals concerned with the music industry and music business education.

Ideas and opinions expressed in the MEIEA Journal do not necessarily reflect those of MEIEA. MEIEA disclaims responsibility for statements of fact or opinions expressed in individual contributions.

Permission for reprint or reproduction must be obtained in writing and the proper credit line given.

Music & Entertainment Industry Educators Association 1900 Belmont Boulevard Nashville, TN 37212 U.S.A. offi

The MEIEA Journal (ISSN: 1559-7334) © Copyright 2009 Music & Entertainment Industry Educators Association All rights reserved

Reviewers and Editorial Board

Bruce Ronkin, Northeastern University Peter Alhadeff, Berklee College of Music James E. Hearn, University of North Alabama Andrea R. Johnson, Berklee College of Music David Kopplin, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona Gene Perla, Lehigh University David Schreiber, Greenville College Barry Sosnick, Five Towns College Phillip A. Terrell, Alabama State University Marcy Rauer Wagman, Drexel University Kim L. Wangler, Appalachian State University Richard Weissman, Portland Community College,

University of Colorado Denver Horace Alexander Young, Texas Southern University

Music & Entertainment Industry Educators Association

Purposes and Goals

The Music & Entertainment Industry Educators Association (MEIEA®) is an international organization formed in 1979 to bring together educators with leaders of the music and entertainment industries. The primary goal of MEIEA is to facilitate an exchange of information between educators and practitioners in order to prepare students for careers in the music and entertainment industries.

In order to seek professional practical knowledge and functional strategies in education, MEIEA endeavors to:

  • Provide resources for the exchange of information and knowledge about all aspects of the music and entertainment industries;

  • Foster scholarly research on the music and entertainment industries as well as on music and entertainment industries education;

  • Assist institutions with the development of music and entertainment industries programs and curricula;

  • Facilitate interaction between the music and entertainment industries and music and entertainment industries educators and affiliated educational institutions;

  • Promote student interests in the music and entertainment industries through guidance and support of the Music & Entertainment Industry Student Association (MEISA®).

MEIEA Advisory Board

Todd Brabec

Former Executive Vice President and Director of Membership, American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers

Jennifer Segal

Chief Operating Of cer and Executive Vice President, Columbia Artists Management, Inc.

Bill Thomas

Los Angeles Executive Director, American Federation of Television and Radio Artists

Hunter Williams

Vice President, SESAC

MEIEA Executive Officers

President John Kellogg Berklee College of Music

Vice President Rush Hicks Belmont University

Secretary David Schreiber Greenville College

Treasurer Wesley A. Bulla Belmont University

Membership Serona Elton University of Miami

Student Relations Ava Lawrence Northeastern University

MEIEA Executive Directors

MEIEA Journal Editor Bruce Ronkin Northeastern University

MEIEA eZine Editor David Tough Belmont University

MEIEA Board of Directors

Cutler Armstrong

Butler University

Bruce Burch University of Georgia

Brian Gaber Florida State University

Robert Garfrerick University of North Alabama

Storm Gloor University of Colorado Denver

Thomas Haines University of Cincinnati

Kristél Pfeil Kemmerer

Reading, Pennsylvania

Rey Sanchez (Immediate Past President) University of Miami

Dan Wujcik Belmont University

Theo Papadopoulos, Australasian Liaison Victoria University

Past Presidents

Rey Sanchez (2007-2009) Rebecca Chappell (2003–2007) Tim Hays (1999–2003) Scott Fredrickson (1995–1999) David Hibbard (1993–1995) Janet Nepkie (1989–1993) Michael Fink (1988–1989) Richard Broderick (1986–1988) James A. Progris (1984–1986) David P. Leonard (1982–1984) Jay Collins (1979–1982)

From The Editor

Notice to Contributors

The Journal of the Music & Entertainment Industry Educators Association is a peer-reviewed journal devoted to all aspects of the music and entertainment industry and music/ entertainment industry education. All feature articles submitted for publication are reviewed by an editorial board consisting of respected scholars, teachers, and industry professionals. Submissions of articles in all areas related to the music and entertainment industry and music and entertainment industry education are welcome.

Articles may be submitted in hard copy or in electronic format. Electronic submissions are preferred and should be sent as email attachments, preferably in Microsoft Word format. Hard copy submissions should be typed on 8½ x 11-inch paper, double-spaced throughout with one-inch margins.

All submissions should use the normal style of citation, in conformance with the guidelines given in The Chicago Manual of Style. All notes should be consecutively numbered and should appear as endnotes at the conclusion of the manuscript text.

In order to facilitate blind review, the author’s name must not appear on the submitted manuscript. A cover letter that clearly identifi es the manuscript must be included. The editor will normally give notice of the article’s status within three months of its receipt. The editor also regrets that manuscripts cannot be returned.

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission for reproduction from the publishers of all copyrighted material used (musical examples, etc.).

Submissions and correspondence Bruce Ronkin should be addressed to: Editor, MEIEA Journal 100 Meserve Hall Northeastern University Boston, MA 02115 U.S.A.